[TUT]Hack websites using XSS[TUT][HQ]
What is XSS?, what can I accomplish with it?
Most people use it to display messages on the website, redirect you to their defacement and even put cookie loggers and XSS shells on the website.
Reason Behind XSS vulnerability?
Poor PHP coding within text boxes and submission forms. They were too lazy to code it properly allowing us to inject strings into the source code, that would then give us the conclusion of what we put in since it's also in the source code. They did not bother to filter what we type in. They allowed characters such as ">, ", /", etc.
Types of XSS
There are three types of XSS. DOM-based, Persistent and non-persistent. If you inject some code into the website and it sticks to the website (you leave the page and come back, and it's still there) then it is persistent. That is good. When you get non-persistent it will not stick on the website, you will only see it once. With persistent XSS you can do much more, leave messages, redirect them, etc. With non-persistent the most you can do is upload a cookie logger.
How to test for XSS vulnerabilities?
(Important:Please remove "*" or type the above text on search box without "*")
Now we will see a pop up message "XSS"shown In picture
In some cases, a message might not pop up. If it doesn't work, check the source code and have a look at the output. Most of the time the error requires you to make a little change.
"*>*alert('XSS'); (Important:Please remove '*' or type the above text on search box without '*') Now, we have found out that it is vulnerable.Lets go to next step.
deface/Hacking a webpage with XSS?
Here is the important part that explain defacing website i have methods for both persistent, and non-persistent XSS.
Obviously we can't redirect users with non-persistent. But with basic web-based programming knowledge we can make a cookie logger. We may also need advanced social engineering skills for people to open our cookie logger.
How to make a cookie logger?
As we know that we can run our own scripts on those website which have XSS vulnerability. We use our Keylogging script on XSS vulnerable website.
To perform this Attack we need three thigs
Xssed Site(That is a xss vulnerable site)
Webhosting sevice (Free) ==> http://www.000webhost.com/
First Of all Download the script from the below link
Now create an account in any free hosting web host that supports PHP. PHP will be used to write keystrokes on a text file.
Now open Logger.js and change the URL of your script. Default URL is http://yourwebsite.com just Change it to your hosting URl.
Now host all these scripts on your web host.
Now find a XSS vulnerable website website and include script link like this:
Now if someone clicks on that link everything they type in on that page will go to the data.txt file. This script will capture all the keystroke and save it to the file with the help of PHP script.
If a website's login page is vulnerable to XSS attack, this script can be used to grab passwords.
What is DOM?
Like server-side scripts, client-side scripts can also accept and manipulate user input with the help of DOM.
var pos=document.URL.indexOf("BTSinput=")+9; //finds the position of value
var userInput=document.URL.substring(pos,document.URL.length); //copy the value into userInput variable
document.write(unescape(userInput)); //writes content to the webpage
If you know HTML and Javscript, understanding the above code is a piece of cake.
Did you notice ?! The part of the webpage is not written by Server-side script. The client side script modifies the content dynamically based on the input. Everything done with the help of DOM object 'document'.
DOM Based XSS vulnerability:
When a developer writes the content using DOM object without sanitizing the user input , it allow an attacker to run his own code.
In above example, we failed to sanitize the input and simply displayed the whatever value we get from the url.
An attacker with malicious intention can inject a xss vector instead .
As i said earlier, the document.write function simply writes the value of BTSinput parameter in the webpage. So it will write the '' in the webpage without sanitizing. This results in running the script code and displays the alert box.
Patching the DOM Based Cross Site Scripting Vulnerability
The document.write() function
The document.writeln() function
The execScript() function, which works similarly to eval()
The setInterval(), setTimeout(), and navigate() functions
The .innerHTML property of a DOM element
Certain CSS properties which allow URLs such as .style, .backgroundImage, .listStyleImage, etc.
Any data which is derived from data under the client's control (e.g. request parameters, headers, query parameters, cookie names and values, the URL of the request itself, etc.) should be escaped before being used. Examples of user-controlled data include document.location (and most of its properties, e.g. document.location.search), document.referrer, cookie names and values, and request header names and values.
Download JDB generator